I enjoy highlighting unusual genealogical resources – records other than vital records, passenger lists, naturalizations, and the federal census. Recently I entered some of my “usual suspect” names into Ancestry and discovered a resource previously uknown to me: immigrant bank records. The historical background about these records is described on Ancestry.com as follows:
In the port cities on the east coast of the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century, many charitable organizations aided immigrants arriving from Europe. The Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) was one of those organizations. There were “ethnic” or “immigrant” banks in many port cities, usually conveniently located in the Jewish neighborhoods where newly-arrived immigrants tended to settle. These banks were commercial enterprises, started mainly by established German Jews, as a place where recent immigrants could save money and arrange to purchase steamship tickets to bring their families to the United States. HIAS preserved the original records of some immigrant banks formerly operating in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Blitzstein, Rosenbaum and Lipshutz/Peoples Banks.
Today, the record books of the Blitzstein Bank, Rosenbaum Bank, and Lipshutz Bank are housed at the Philadelphia Jewish Archives Center (PJAC). They offer unique kinds of information, including the name and U.S. address of the person who paid for the tickets, port of entry – usually, but not always the port of Philadelphia – and intended final destination (again, not necessarily Philadelphia).
The person I found in the index was Zofia Mach, but not much info is provided from the index alone. It simply provides her name as the Passenger, as well as the Account Open Date (24 March 1929), Purchaser’s Name (Carl Mach), the Bank (Lipshutz/Peoples Bank) and the Order Number. To obtain an actual copy of the record, instructions are provided on the JewishGen site with a separate page for each of the 3 banks that are indexed. For the Lipshutz/Peoples Bank, a copy of the record can be obtained from the Philadelphia Jewish Archives (see below for more info). I knew from my research that Carl and Sophie Mach lived in Philadelphia, so it was likely the correct family. I was curious enough about what other information could be obtained from these bank records to send $9 to find out. Here is a copy of the record I received:
I already knew Carl’s address and relationship to Sophia/Zofia. Normally, one would expect that Zofia’s passenger arrival record would be easy to find without this record as a resource. However, in this case, Zofia’s record is indexed incorrectly in Ancestry.com’s database: she is listed as Sofia Wach although her name in the passenger list itself is Sofie Mach. Because of the mis-indexing, I used the ship name and date on this bank record to find her arrival record and may not have found it without the extra info. (Although the typewritten info shows departure from Hamburg to Philadelphia, the ship and date noted in handwriting at the bottom traveled from Copenhagen to New York.)
Two other interesting tidbits came from this record. First, it lists Sophia’s address in Żyrardów, Poland. Although I could not find it on a modern map of the town, the information could still come in handy for research in Poland. Second, it’s the first time I’ve seen the cost of a ticket to America on any of the records I’ve found. A second class ticket cost $143. In the 1920′s, that was a significant sum of money – note that her husband had this bank account for five years before she made the journey.
The records of the three Philadelphia banks are also available on microfilm through the LDS Family History Library., and you can search the records via the JewishGen site if you do not have access to Ancestry.com. See the detailed pages at JewishGen on their US databases page under Pennsylvania. Be aware that the family I researched was not Jewish! One did not have to be Jewish to have an account at these banks.
In total there are approximately 138,000 records among the three banks ranging from 1890 through 1949. If you had relatives living in or near Philadelphia, it may be worth a quick search – especially if you have had difficulty locating their passenger arrival record.
Although the sites indicate that the records are held by the Philadelphia Jewish Archives Center, they wrote in their response that they are moving to the Temple University-Urban Archives Center “in late Spring”. So if you are planning to request a record, you may want to call either archive first prior to writing.
In the case of Sophia Mach, this was actually her second journey to America! Since Mach is not one of my family surnames in the sidebar, I’ll write more later this week on why they are a subject of my research. Are they related to my family? More to come…